“Doctor, I don’t think children should add salt within 1 year of age. Online said that this will increase the child’s kidney burden. But the child’s grandmother said that there is no salt, the child has no power. Our family disputes are also because of this. Today I want to hear your advice. “In the outpatient clinic, I often encounter such a problematic parent. When a child under 1 year of age adds supplemental food, it should be a “fuse”. Should the complementary food for 1 year old children be marinated?
Liu Yajing, director of the Shunyi Women’s Hospital Child Care Center, said that taste is a feeling of food stimulating and stimulating the chemical sensitivity of the human oral organs. The most basic flavors include sweet, sour, bitter and salty. The various flavors we usually taste are the result of a blend of these four flavors. Taste is the most developed feeling of the baby. It matures at the time of the fetus and is very sensitive at birth and can distinguish between different tastes. The main taste receptor in the mouth is the taste bud. The baby has about 10,000 taste buds and only a few thousand adults. For example, when breastfeeding a baby, he sucks normally; when he replaces breast milk with water, he immediately stops sucking. As you age, the number of taste buds decreases and sensitivity decreases.
Some parents are used to savoring salt before giving food to their children. In fact, it is not advisable to determine whether the child’s complementary food is salty according to the taste of the adult. The same food, adults feel the taste is just right, in fact, it has brought a salty taste to the baby. The Chinese Nutrition Society’s guidelines for infant and young child feeding 7-24 months (2016) indicate that the appropriate intake of sodium (AI) for infants aged 7-12 months is 350 mg/day. The main ingredient of commercially available salt is sodium chloride, and 1 gram of salt contains about 400 mg of sodium, which means that children of 7-12 months should not consume more than 1 gram of salt per day. In fact, daily food already contains enough sodium. For example, a certain amount of sodium in the breast milk, formula and food supplements can meet the growth needs of the baby. It is best not to add salt to your baby within 1 year of age, nor to give your baby the taste of an adult. Decide. The metabolism of sodium depends mainly on the kidneys. The function of the kidneys within 1 year of age is not perfect. Premature salting increases the burden on the kidneys.
Salt is the first of all tastes. The food is not salted or too light, which makes people feel unacceptable. Many parents believe that adding some salt to the baby’s diet can regulate the taste and promote the child’s appetite. It is well known that premature salt intake can cause great damage to your baby. why?
First, it can lead to loss of appetite. If there is too much salt, your baby will be thirsty and drink plenty of water. This will cause sodium and water retention to increase the burden on the kidneys, leading to “satisfaction” and reduced intake of other foods. At the same time, excessive drinking will dilute the gastric juice and make the baby taste the original. Fragile digestion and absorption functions “increased snow” and can lead to loss of appetite in the long run.
Second, it can lead to picky eaters and partial eclipses. The sooner the baby is added to the salt (or other seasoning), the heavier the taste. Once you start to prefer salty or other flavors, the taste of natural foods will be difficult to attract their interest. The baby gradually forms a bad habit of picky eaters and some eclipses, refusing to eat light food. Light foods help to increase the acceptance of different natural foods by infants and children and reduce the risk of eclipses.
Finally, it increases the risk of hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. A growing body of research has shown that excessive salt intake during childhood increases the risk of chronic diseases such as adulthood hypertension. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that adults and children reduce their sodium intake to reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Infant and Infant Feeding Guide 7-24 months (2016) It is recommended that supplemental foods should be kept intact, free of salt, sugar and irritating condiments, and maintain a light mouthfeel.
We recommend that babies under the age of 1 should eat lightly and try to retain the original ingredients. There is no need to add extra salt when making complementary foods. After 1 year old, your baby’s food can be added with a small amount of salt, but be sure to pay attention to adults, add about 1 gram of salt per day. Your baby’s daily diet should promote a light taste